Carbamide is a highly effective granular fertilizer containing in digestible form, necessary for the growth and development of plants. The nutrient is nitrogen (46%).
Carbamide is the most concentrated nitrogen fertilizer. Carbamide in soil is converted by the action of enzymes of soil bacteria to ammonium carbonate. In soils with high biological activity, carbamide is converted to ammonium carbonate in 2 to 3 days.
Carbon dioxide ammonium decomposes in the air and part of it is lost in the form of gaseous ammonia. Therefore, the surface application of carbamide without embedding in the soil is fraught with loss of nitrogen. Moreover, on neutral and alkaline soils, nitrogen losses may be more significant.
Carbamide is used on all types of soil.
It is suitable for basic soil application and fertilizing of agricultural crops. It can be applied in the conditions of the protected soil.
On soils experiencing waterlogging, when irrigating, carbamide is preferable to ammonium nitrate, since nitrogen of carbamide is better fixed by the soil and less washed out with precipitation. It is used as the main fertilizer and as a plant nutrient with immediate incorporation into the soil to prevent losses in the form of gaseous ammonia.
Carbamide is used for all crops as the main fertilizer. When applying nitrogen fertilizer increases the harvest of almost all crops. Carbamide is used everywhere within agriculture and horticulture.